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Aims & Objectives

The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils by the end of each key stage, know, can apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programmes of study. Through our teaching of geography we aim to:

  • increase children’s knowledge of other cultures and, in so doing, teach a respect and understanding of what it means to be a positive citizen in a multi-cultural country;
  • enable children to understand geographical concepts and basic subject-specific vocabulary;
  • stimulate children’s interest in and curiosity about their surroundings.
  • enable children to develop a sense of identity by learning about their locality, the UK and the wider world;
  • help children to understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world;
  • increase children’s knowledge and awareness of our changing world so that they can think about how resources can be improved and sustained;
  • enable children to identify and understand environmental problems at a local, regional and global level;
  • help children acquire and develop the geographical skills and confidence needed to:
  • undertake investigations, collect, analyse and communicate data, gathered through experiences of fieldwork.                                                                                                                                
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes and aerial photographs.

Teaching & Learning

At Haydock English Martyrs, we use a variety of teaching and learning styles to teach geography. Teachers promote learning through enquiry-based projects and lessons in order to foster children’s independent research skills. Children develop knowledge, skills, awareness and understanding relating to their own immediate environment and the wider world. We offer the opportunity to use a variety of data, such as maps, globes, statistics, graphs, pictures, and aerial photographs and we incorporate the use of ICT in geography lessons where this serves to enhance learning. Wherever possible, we involve the children in 'real' geographical activities, e.g. research of a local environmental problem or use of the Internet to investigate a current issue. As far as possible, geography should be biased towards practical lessons, with maps, models and fieldwork playing a key part. External trips and visitors to our school also greatly enhance our geography curriculum.

We recognise the fact that within our school there are children of widely different geographical abilities.  We provide suitable learning opportunities for all children by matching the challenge of the task to the ability of the child. Teachers are best placed to judge, whether the learning objectives meet the learning needs of individual children and adapt teaching accordingly to provide opportunities for all children to succeed.



Elements of geography are delivered to the Reception children through the Foundation Stage Curriculum and are incorporated into termly topics. In the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) the children explore places, people, communities and the world through their work related to “Understanding the World”.

Geography is taught in KS1 and KS2, through planning linked to the new National Curriculum, 2014/15.  These have been split according to year groups and the units covered by each year group can be found on the long term plans.  Some elements are also taught through cross curricular topics e.g. literacy, history and ICT. We build on prior learning to develop and foster the following skills:

  • Interpretation and analysis of data
  • Fieldwork skills and first hand experiences.
  • Observation and recording.
  • Measurement and use of appropriate equipment.
  • Mapping skills
  • Development of geographical vocabulary.
  • Recognition of the human influence and effect on Earth.
  • Developing knowledge of geographical information sources.


Making maps and plans in Nursery

Which way shall we go?